Consuming Books: Reading Vs. Listening

This morning I was browsing my Facebook timeline and stumbled on a post from one of my friends who posed a very interesting question. The question has to do with the wording we use to convey how we consume audio books. My friend pointed out that she’s noticing a trend, both with blind and sighted readers, where they will use the verb “listen” instead of “read”, as in “I just finished listening to that book” as opposed to “I just finished reading that book”, as if consuming a book via audio isn’t quite the same as reading it.

First, I’ll provide a bit of background into my own life as an avid reader. I learned how to read Braille when I was around four and how to write it not much later than that. I’ve always found reading Braille to be very easy and I’ve been reading books using Braille for about as long as I can remember. I remember the enjoyment I always felt going to my school library, browsing the many shelves of Braille books and being able to check out one or two books a week, which I always read quickly. Of course, there were many books, known as talking books, which were recorded on cassettes’ as well as on phonograph records. Talking books have been available for blind and visually impaired consumers to borrow since the 1930s, way before audio books became popular with sighted consumers. While I never hesitated to borrow a book on tape from my library, Braille was always my preferred medium and, when given a choice between Braille and audio, Braille was always what I chose.

As I’ve embraced new technologies the way I consume books has also changed. Nearly all of the books which I consume are done so audibly and not in Braille. There are several reasons for this and they don’t apply to all readers who are blind. First, most of the books which I want to read are just not available in Braille. While the National Library Service produces many Braille books there are simply more titles available in an audio format. Even then the amount of books produced by NLS, while I greatly appreciate the work that they do, is a drop in the bucket compared to the amount of titles available from other suppliers. Bookshare, another specialized library for people with print disabilities, offers over half a million books and that number continues to increase. Learning Ally is another specialized library which I’ve used for over 35 years, offers around 80,000 human-narrated titles. Of course, mainstream book suppliers such as the Kindle store offer millions of books, with more constantly being added. These specialized and mainstream suppliers offer a much greater selection of books than what I am able to borrow from my local NLS affiliate.

Some readers will no doubt want to remind me of the fact that we do have Braille display technology, which will work both with my computer as well as with my phone. This is certainly true and a Braille display would certainly allow me to read books from any of these suppliers using the same Braille code that I enjoyed using with books printed on paper. However, there are reasons which, for me, make this an impractical solution.

First, Braille display technology, while readily available for many devices, is often costly. As an example, Freedom Scientific’s most inexpensive Braille display, the Focus 14 Blue, costs $1295.00. At this time spending over a thousand dollars for a Braille display is just not something which I could easily do, considering it’s a device that I don’t truly need. However, even if a Braille display magically dropped onto my desk the fact is that I do a lot of reading either on the train or lying in bed. Reading with a Braille display on a moving train, no matter how portable, is just too awkward. When I’m lying in bed and wanted to read a book it’s just so much easier to do this with a small phone and would prove to be a bit less convenient if I added even a 14-cell display.

Anyway, back to the topic. My friend was pointing out that she has noticed that many people say they’ve listened to a book as opposed to reading it if the book was consumed in an audio medium, such as an audio CD or listening to it with synthetic speech using the Kindle app. However, this also makes me think of how we often use the word “read” when we actually have listened to the book.

This raises some interesting questions. When it comes to books, is it fair to consider it reading regardless of how it’s consumed? There are probably some sighted people who feel that the only way to truly read a book is to do so by processing the printed material visually. Of course, as blind people we know this is certainly not the case. All of us would agree that processing the information with our fingers would just as validly be considered reading as processing the information with our eyes and, in that instance, there is no controversy. However, the wording sometimes changes when we shift from print on a page to either a human narrator or a synthetic voice coming from a pair of speakers or from our portable phones and tablets. If I consumed a book by listening to it with an app such as Voice Dream Reader, am I wrong to say that I’ve read the book? Most blind people would say that I’m not and I would tend to agree with them.

However, let’s say we have an individual who is blind who never learned how to read Braille. There are some valid reasons for why they might not have been taught how to read and write in Braille, such as having neuropathy in their fingers which would prevent them from being able to distinguish the dot patterns. In such a case, this blind individual would only be able to consume books in an audible format. Considering this, would we look at that blind person who didn’t know Braille and conclude, if only to ourselves, that this person was illiterate. We might not say that to their face in the course of normal conversation but do we consider a blind person who doesn’t know Braille to be illiterate? If the answer to that question is yes then can we say that this blind person, not knowing Braille, has “read” a book when it was consumed by listening. If we say no, then why is it acceptable for me to say that I’ve read a book and my hypothetical blind person could not say that, just because I can read Braille and he cannot.

Let’s take this a step further and consider a fully sighted person who, for one reason or another, never learned how to read print. There’s no doubt that we would conclude that this person would be considered illiterate. Saying so is not meant as an insult but, in this case, is indisputable; someone who can’t read is illiterate. My hypothetical blind person might not have the ability to learn Braille and the sighted person could, with proper training, learn how to read print but, until that individual chooses to take classes in how to read, we would all agree that he’s illiterate. Given that fact, would we tend to disagree with the illiterate sighted person if he told us that he “read” a particular book by consuming it in an audible medium? Wouldn’t we think, “No, you didn’t really read that book, you listened to it.” If this is the case, then why is it OK for me, as a blind person who knows Braille, to tell people that I may have read the same book by consuming it in the exact same way but yet fewer people would think of challenging my word choices.

Admittedly, this isn’t the most important topic which should concern us. I don’t think about it all that much and it certainly doesn’t keep me up at night. However, I think these issues are important as it has really forced me to think about what we mean when we speak of what it means to be literate.

 

As an aside, the person who brought up this topic is one of the proprietors of Speeddots, which sells various tactile screen protectors for your Apple iDevice. They also sell various Bluetooth accessories as well as rugged lightning cables with a life-time warranty.

So, how do you feel about this? For you, does listening to an audio book qualify as reading it? I’d love to hear your thoughts in the comments.

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New for Users of Amazon’s Alexa

What I’m about to share is likely already known to people who keep up with Amazon’s Alexa products.

First, users of Alexa products can use their devices, or even the Alexa app, to make and receive “phone” calls. In order for this feature to work, you need to enable the feature in your Alexa app or, presumably, Alexa’s Web interface by going to http://alexa.amazon.com.

Once this has been done, you can upload your contacts to Alexa. If any of your contacts are also Alexa users and have also uploaded their contacts, you can call them by just saying “Alexa, call John Smith.” Alexa confirms the request and plays a repeating series of tones, to let you know that it is attempting to call John Smith’s Alexa device or app. Once John answers, you can talk with him by using the microphones from your Alexa device or your smartphone or tablet’s mic. When you’re ready to disconnect, you can say “Alexa, disconnect.”

You can also send voice messages by saying “Alexa, send a message to John Smith.” Alexa will prompt you to record the message and you can do so, although I believe there is a limit to the recording’s duration. You can also ask Alexa to play messages you might have and she will do so.
When a new message has been received, a series of two quick chimes is heard to alert you. If you miss those chimes, the unit will flash a series of lights, similar to how a phone or older answering machine provided similar alerts. For someone who is visually impaired, you can always just ask “Alexa, do I have any messages?” The audio quality, both for messages and for live calls, is quite good.

There is a valid concern about not being able to block specific people from contacting you, which I’m sure Amazon will address sooner rather than later.

Since this feature was released, the newly updated Alexa app for iOS seems much more stable and is far easier to use.

Also, Amazon has announced their new Echo unit with a touchscreen called the Echo Show. In addition to the Echo’s capabilities, it will also be able to play video and will be able to allow for video as well as audio communication, similar to Apple’s Facetime. The unit will cost $229.00 and will ship by the end of June. We’ve heard nothing as to whether the Voice View screen reader will be included for accessibility.

Windows 10 Creators Update/Next Phone Meeting/Philadelphia Computer Users Group for the Blind and Visually Impaired

On April 11, Microsoft released the next major update to Windows 10, which they have named the Creators Update. It actually became available earlier by April 5, for those brave and impatient souls who felt they couldn’t wait until April 11 to install it. I suppose I was one of those impatient souls because, on April 8, I took the plunge and installed the update using Microsoft’s Update Assistant Tool. I ran into some interesting hiccups, most of which are now solved and I am now using the Creators Update with NVDA with no real issues.
A lot has changed in this new update. While the update offers many welcome changes across the board, one of the biggest improvements which may be of interest to many visually impaired users are the additions to Narrator, which is starting to become a rather nice screen reader. It even offers some Braille support and allows you to fully install Windows without losing speech feedback.
You may be one of those who have already installed the Creators Update and may have some questions, comments or advice for the rest of us. Some of you may be considering moving to Creators and might have some questions before pressing the enter key on the button to begin the upgrade. Perhaps you’re still running an older version of Windows and are wondering if moving to this latest version is worth doing. Whether you’re using Creators, are thinking about using it or are just interested in what it can do and how it’s different from what you’re currently working with we’d love to hear from you. The Windows 10 Creators’ Update will be the topic for the next phone meeting of the Philadelphia Computer Users Group for the Blind and Visually Impaired. While this group was initially formed to provide support to consumers living in or near the Philly area, all are welcome to call in. If you don’t feel that you have any questions or comments you’re welcome to call in and just listen in and soak up the information.

Date: Friday, April 28
Time: 8:00 PM

(approximately 2 hours)

To participate, the number to call is

(712) 432-3900

When prompted to enter an access code, enter
391477
followed by the pound key.

I look forward to hearing from you.

Top Ten Shows I’d Like to See on DogTV

I just became aware of an on-demand TV service called DogTV. Apparently, this channel offers programs for humans as well as their dogs, probably similar to the channel which provides entertainment for babies. I knew that television was going to the dogs but I never knew this was literally the case, until now. After giving this some thought, I have compiled a top ten list of shows, movies and music that I hope to find on this channel.

1. Game of Bones

2. Keeping Up With the Cocker Spaniels

3. Regis and Collie

4. Designated Retriever

5. My Big, Fat Fabulous Labrador

6. Toy Poodle Story

7. That zombie classic … The Walking Dog

8. In music … I Want to Lick Your Hand … by the Beagles

9. Chicago Puppies

and finally …

10. Old Reruns of the Price is Right … with Bob Barker

The Horrors of Human Trafficking

Two years ago, I tuned into an episode of "Kresta in the Afternoon"on Avemaria Radio. Al Kresta is an excellent interviewer who discusses topics from religion to politics and current events. On this particular program, Al interviewed a courageous woman named Theresa Flores, who is a survivor of human trafficking. When we think of human trafficking, we often assume that the term refers to people in far-off lands, poor women from third-world countries. However, Theresa was from an upper middle-class family in Michigan. She wasn’t taken to another country. In fact, she went to school, lived with her family and, to many, seemed like a normal teen-ager, doing things that normal teens did. One day, a boy who she had a crush on took her to his house, drugged her and then raped her. Pictures of her were taken and she was told that the only way to get the pictures back was to become a sex slave, with the threat of having the pictures sent to her family if she refused, along with threats that her family would be harmed if she disobeyed. For two years, she went to school during the day. At night, she would be ordered to meet someone from this organization who would drive her to someone who would then rape her, forcing her to supposedly continue paying off a debt which, she hoped, would eventually lead to them freeing her. She was not just a girl being forced into prostitution. She was a victim of what is known as human trafficking, a form of modern slavery which exists even in our own country.

After she and her family moved, she was free from these monsters and, eventually, learned to heal from her ordeal.

Here are just a few statistics from her Web site, Traffickfree.com


As many as 2.8 million children run away each year in the U.S. Within 48 hours of hitting the streets, one third of these children are lured or recruited into the underground world of prostitution and pornography.
–The National Center for Missing and Exploited Children

300,000 children in the U.S. are at risk every year for commercial sexual exploitation.
–U.S. Department of Justice

If you would like additional statistics and to learn more about human trafficking, the Resources page from traffickfree.com will provide you with additional information.